I’m often perplexed when the violent attacks of foreigners in South Africa are referred to as xenophobic attacks by some academics and journalist. There has been a clear indication that the attacks have only been directed towards black, African foreign nationals. Xenophobia is “the fear of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange or dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.” So, although the observations still show xenophobic sentiments but it is more correct to use the term afrophobia. This distinction is quite significant. This pattern of afrophobic violence have deeper psychological implications.